Monday, December 12, 2011

How to Replace Drive Belt Tensioner?

The car drive belt.Its also called as Serpentine belt or Accessory belt.This belt is used to drive accessories including the alternator, water pump, AC compressor, power steering, air pump, vacuum pump and injector pump. They're usually driven by the engine's crankshaft pulley and are fully adjustable by tensioners or idlers that follow or track the surface of the belt.This belts are basically made of reinforced synthetic and/or hard rubber, belts are usually v-channeled or ribbed serpentine.
The belt Tensioner is the device that functions as an idler pulley and is located on either the inside or outside of the accessory drive belt. Its provides the correct tension for initial belt adjustment and maintains this critical tension adjustment during vehicle operation. It can be found on conventional V-belts and the newer serpentine ribbed belts.
See the image below drive belt and drive belt tensioner

Before replacing Drive Belt Tensioner,First inspect the Belt tensioner.
The details are as follows :----
Inspect the belt tensioner for the following conditions:
  • If the belt squeals, the tensioner force may be insufficient. Check the belt length gauge, if the length is correct, replace the tensioner.
  • If the tensioner clatters or rattles during engine operation, there may be internal interference or wear. Replace the tensioner.
  • If the belt chirps, you may have a worn pulley or tensioner or cracks in the tensioner bas or arm. Check the mounting bolts, if they are okay, replace the tensioner.
Sticking or Seized Tensioner or Idler
  • If the tensioner does not operate smoothly or doesn't move, you may have: internal thrust surface damage/wear, internal damage/wear, or a broken spring, replace the tensioner.
  • Inspect the tensioner arm for cracks or other damage. If the tensioner is broken, it should be replaced.
  • Look for excessive tensioner movement at idle, which can indicate internal wear, an out-of-round pulley or loose mounting bolts. Check the mounting bolts, it they are in good condition, replace the tensioner.
  • Make sure the tensioner is not tilted or misaligned. Also make sure a gap exists between the tensioner arm and base. If you notice a problem, check the mounting surface, it the surface is okay, replace the tensioner.
Belt Tracking
  • If the belt does not track properly on the pulley tracking surface, you'll need to troubleshoot the problem. Check the mounting bolts and the system alignment. Then, make sure the correct belt is being used for the vehicle. If all of these things are intact, replace the tensioner.
Belt Length Indicator
  • A belt length indicator is built into each tensioner.
  • The gauge identifies the effective operating range of the tensioner.
  • It consists of a pointer and either two or three length marks.
    • On a three-mark gauge minimum belt length, maximum belt length and ideal belt length are indicated.
    • On a two-mark gauge only minimum belt length and maximum belt length are indicated.
    • Ideal belt length on a two-mark gauge is generally half way between the minimum and the maximum.
  • When a belt wears and stretches with age the tensioner will move towards the maximum belt length to maintain proper tension.
  • As the pointer nears the maximum length mark, replace the belt.

For all types of

Drive belt routing diagrams for cars and trucks?

Click the link below:---
To replace belt tensioner,the details are as follows :----
Never open a tensioner assembly to repair internal parts. The spring is powerful and preloaded and may cause serious injury. Worn tensioner assemblies should be replaced with a new assembly, since there are no serviceable internal parts. Only pulleys can be replaced.
Because tensioners are vehicle-specific, there is no universal replacement procedures. On some vehicles, tensioner replacement is a simple as removing one bolt, while other vehicles may require removal of several parts to get to the tensioner base. Refer to your vehicle's service manual for replacement procedures and bolt torque recommendations.
When replacing a tensioner, belt and fixed idler pulley replacement is also recommended (if one is used). A used belt will function properly with a new tensioner, but belts and pulleys have generally reached their useful life expectancy when the tensioner requires replacement.

This procedure will help you to inspect car belt tensioner and replace it,if its faulty/worn out.
If you need dis-assembly or replacement instructions for any other auto/car part, or you want to ask question related to your car/truck jeep problem then please leave the comment with your details, so I can provide you the required instructions and solutions.

To know more about car battery,see the list below:---

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